The country is located on the East African plateau, lying mostly between latitudes 4°N and 2°S (a small area is north of 4°), and longitudes 29° and 35°E. It averages about 1,100 metres (3,609 ft) above sea level, and this slopes very steadily downwards to the Sudanese Plain to the north. However, much of the south is poorly drained, while the centre is dominated by Lake Kyoga, which is also surrounded by extensive marshy areas. Uganda lies almost completely within the Nile basin. The Victoria Nile drains from the lake into Lake Kyoga and thence into Lake Albert on the Congolese border. It then runs northwards into South Sudan. One small area on the eastern edge of Uganda is drained by the Turkwel River, part of the internal drainage basin of Lake Turkana.
Lake Kyoga serves as a rough boundary between Bantu speakers in the south and Nilotic and Central Sudanic language speakers in the north. Despite the division between north and south in political affairs, this linguistic boundary runs roughly from northwest to southeast, near the course of the Nile. However, many Ugandans live among people who speak different languages, especially in rural areas. Some sources describe regional variation in terms of physical characteristics, clothing, bodily adornment, and mannerisms, but others claim that those differences are disappearing.
Mount Kadam, Uganda
Although generally equatorial, the climate is not uniform as the altitude modifies the climate. Southern Uganda is wetter with rain generally spread throughout the year. At Entebbe on the northern shore of Lake Victoria, most rain falls from March to June and in the November/December period. Further to the north a dry season gradually emerges; at Gulu about 120 km from the South Sudanese border, November to February is much drier than the rest of the year.
|1||MTN||GSM, CDMA, GPRS, EDGE, WiMAX, HSDPA||5.222 (Dec 2009)||MTN (97%)|
|2||Airtel||GSM, GPRS||2.377 (June 2009)||Bharti Airtel (100%)|
|3||UT Mobile||CdmaOne, GSM, UMTS, HSDPA||1.65 (September 2008)||Uganda Telecom Limited|
|4||Warid||GSM, GPRS, EDGE, WiMAX||1.20 (April 2009)||Warid Telecom|
|5||Orange Uganda||GSM, GPRS||0.350 (Dec 2009)||Orange SA (53%)|
|6||Essar||GSM, GPRS||licenced 1 June 2009||Essar Group (90%)|