At 1,242,248 square kilometres (480,000 sq mi), including the disputed region of Azawad, Mali is the world’s 24th-largest country and is comparable in size to South Africa or Angola. Most of the country lies in the southern Sahara, which produces a hot, dust-laden Sudanian savanna zone. Mali is mostly flat, rising to rolling northern plains covered by sand. The Adrar des Ifoghas massif lies in the northeast.
The country’s climate ranges from tropical in the south to arid in the north. Most of the country receives negligible rainfall; droughts are frequent. Late June to early December is the rainy season. During this time, flooding of the Niger River is common, creating the Inner Niger Delta. The nation has considerable natural resources, with gold, uranium, phosphates, kaolinite, salt and limestone being most widely exploited. Mali faces numerous environmental challenges, including desertification, deforestation, soil erosion, and inadequate supplies of potable water.
|1||Orange||GSM, 3G+||5.0 (March 2011)||France Télécom 52.2%|
|2||Sotelma–Malitel||GSM||2.6  (March 2011)||Maroc Telecom 51%, government 20% |
|3||Planor||GSM||licenced in jan 2012||Planor (support of Monaco Telecom)|